Balled and Burlapped
How to take care of Balled and Burlapped Trees
How to transport Balled and Burlapped TreesWhen transporting balled and burlapped trees over the road it is important to trap the trees if you plan on going over 35 mph for more than ten mintues. The rushing air draws water from the foliage rapidly drying out the trees. Even if damage is not noticed immediately such as drooping or lost foliage, long term damage may be noticed weeks down the road. If trees are going to be packed together or lied down, they should be tied up to avoid breaking branches and also helps prevent drying out. After transporting, it is always a good idea to water the trees.
HoldingIt is important to untie trees if they are going to be sitting in place for more than one day. Foliage touching foliage will suffocate. If the trees were recently dug they should be placed in a shady to partial-sun spotted. Too much sun will cause stress to the tree. If the tree has had some time to became established, several months, the tree will do best in full sun. When spacing the trees, no branches should be touching. Good air flow between trees will reduce likelyhood of disease.
How to water Balled and Burlapped TreesIf the trees are going to be held for a period of time it is important the root balls are watered regularly. Any soil deeper than two inches should be constantly moist. Using a drip irrigation system is the best method for watering because of the consistency of water applied, soil intake, and keeps the foliage dry reducing the chances for fungi. When placing the drip system, the emitter should be placed closed to the trunk of the tree.
A sprinkler irrigation system is the next best option. While they are not as controlled as drip systems they are still consistent. Hand watering is the least effective but is still necessary if no irrigation systems are in place. Hand watering is often inconsistent and most of the water usually drips off the ball onto the ground. If hand watering, remember that absorption rates are slow so cycling through balled and burlap trees several times is a good idea. Drench the entire root ball and move on, keeping a hose on one tree for several minutes is not very effective as most the water will drip off the ball.
How to plant a Balled and Burlapped TreeHow you plant a Balled and Burlapped Trees depends on what kind of soil the trees in being planted in. If the ground is heavy clay or is very wet the tree should be mounded. Dig out the hole with extra five inches around the sides to ensure the ground is loose. Trees planted in heavier grounds that haven't been loosened are some times root-bound for years making the tree more susceptible to drought and poor growth. Richer soils may also be added to the hole and around the root ball to encourage the roots to grow outwards. Any ropes or burlap buried in dirt should decay in around a year, wire baskets will completely rust away in five to ten years. Some landscapers cut away the ropes around the trunk but is up to the planters discretion. Mulching around the the newly planted tree helps moisture retain, lowers soil temperatures, and reduces weed competition. New planted trees should be watered as needed for the first year and then watered in dry conditions for the next two until a good root system is in place. Fertilizers can be added yearly to promote good health. Slow release fertilizer are best and evergreens are most dependent on nitrogen.
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